Types of Care:
There are different types of childcare offered to destitute children:
Non-institutional (Foster-) care versus institutional care. Care offered to destitute children by their extended family or family friends is called foster care. This is preferred because the children are more likely to get personalized care from such people. Care offered by institutions outside the family –such as child care homes, orphanages or adoption agencies- is called institutional care. When foster care is not possible, institutional care becomes inevitable.
Longer-term versus short term, emergency care: Some institutions like child care homes and orphanages provide longer term care to the destitute children. For example, child care homes permit children to stay until they become 18 years. Other institutions, like open shelters or observation homes, provide short term and emergency support to destitute children in the neighborhood. For example, they provide immediate medical assistance to injured destitute children found in the neighborhood.